Saffron is a plant with scientific name of “Crocus Sativies” from (Iridaceae) Family which called “Health Flower, King of spices and Red Gold”. This plant of several years of age has small onion, almost Spherical and covered with brown colored membrane. This plant is native of different location of Asia, especially southwest of Asia, south of Europe and south of Spain.
At the months of October up to End the flowers at the number of one up to three appears at each stem, the colour of flowers are violet and having one petal. The usable part of the plant in the name of Saffron exists at the trade market, the end of stigma and cream of flowers (Madegi) which is Reddish-orange colour.